Since testicular cancer is an increasing problem in younger men (15-49) and is very curable if caught early, it is a really good idea to do a self-check regularly. We probably know that but how
many of you actually know how to check?
Here’s some info for you from a leading specialist:
cancer is the most
common cancer for men aged 15-49 in the UK[i], with cases having more than doubled in Britain since the mid-1970s[ii]. However, despite this for the vast majority of men
- around 95% - testicular cancer is curable, and this rate is even higher when the cancer has been caught early. With this in mind, it is important that men to regularly check their
testicles, so they can establish what’s normal for them, therefore making it easier to spot changes.
Dr Simon Chowdhury, Consultant Medical Oncologist at London Bridge Hospital, who specialises in the treatment of testicular and urological (prostate, bladder and kidney) cancers
should check their testicles at least once a month after a warm bath or shower, as the heat causes the scrotum to relax making it easier to find anything unusual. The most
common symptom of testicular cancer is a lump or swelling in one testicle and although it is important to remember that most testicular lumps are not cancer, if you do find something
unusual you should consult your GP.”
carrying out self-examination Dr
Chowdhury suggests the following four steps:
- Hold both
testicles in the palm of your hand to compare for equal heaviness. (Note: It is quite normal for one testicle to be larger or hang down lower than the other)
- Using the
thumb and forefinger, roll each testicle to check for any small, hard lumps or slight enlargement or firmness of the testicle.
- If you
feel comfortable, perhaps ask your partner to check your testicles, as they may be more likely to identify a problem in the future and encourage you to do something about it.
- If you
find a lump or something that seems out of the ordinary for you, make an appointment to consult your GP.
lump in the testicle is considered the most common symptom of testicular cancer, additional
symptoms can include:
enlargement of a testicle
significant loss of size in one of the testicles
- A feeling
of heaviness in the scrotum
- Pain or
discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
or tenderness of the pectoral region
Chowdhury reiterates that whilst these signs are not exclusive of testicular cancer, “If
you find anything unusual get it checked by your GP as the possibility of it being testicular cancer needs to be ruled out. Don’t delay as in rare circumstances some types of testicular cancer
can progress quickly.”
For more info, visit Cancer Research UK's factsheet page on testicular cancer here.